初始化系统

升级内核:https://www.chenmx.net/?p=208

# 关闭防火墙
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable firewalld
 
# 关闭selinux
sed -i 's/enforcing/disabled/' /etc/selinux/config  # 永久
setenforce 0  # 临时
 
# 关闭swap
swapoff -a  # 临时
sed -ri 's/.*swap.*/#&/' /etc/fstab    # 永久
 
# 根据规划设置主机名  hostname:名称,方便记忆
hostnamectl set-hostname hostname
 
# 在master添加hosts
cat >> /etc/hosts << EOF
82.156.215.56 k8s-master #k8smaster->上文中的hostname
124.71.156.166 k8s-node #同理
49.232.0.68 k8s-node1 #同理
EOF

modprobe br_netfilter
 
cat > /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules <<EOF
#!/bin/bash
modprobe -- ip_vs
modprobe -- ip_vs_rr
modprobe -- ip_vs_wrr
modprobe -- ip_vs_sh
modprobe -- nf_conntrack #内核版本小于4.19 nf_conntrack_ipv4
EOF

chmod 755 /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules && bash /etc/sysconfig/modules/ipvs.modules && lsmod | grep -e ip_vs -e nf_conntrack

#云服务器一般不需要
# 设置系统时区为 中国/上海
timedatectl set-timezone Asia/Shanghai
# 将当前的UTC时间写入硬件时钟
timedatectl set-local-rtc 0
# 重启依赖于系统时间的服务
systemctl restart rsyslog
systemctl restart crond

安装docker,准备相应镜像

  • 各节点需要的镜像
#!/bin/bash
#pull images

ver=v1.21.0
registry=registry.cn-hangzhou.aliyuncs.com/google_containers
images=`kubeadm config images list --kubernetes-version=$ver |awk -F '/' '{print $2}'`

for image in $images
do
if [ $image != coredns ];then
    docker pull ${registry}/$image
    if [ $? -eq 0 ];then
        docker tag ${registry}/$image k8s.gcr.io/$image
        docker rmi ${registry}/$image
    else
        echo "ERROR: 下载镜像报错,$image"
    fi
else
    docker pull coredns/coredns:1.8.0
    docker tag coredns/coredns:1.8.0  k8s.gcr.io/coredns/coredns:v1.8.0
    docker rmi coredns/coredns:1.8.0
fi
done

chmod +x pullimages.sh && ./pullimages.sh
等安装kubeadm后执行脚本
  • 安装并配置docker
https://www.chenmx.net/?p=31

添加阿里云YUM软件源

cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo << EOF
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes
baseurl=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
repo_gpgcheck=0
gpgkey=https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/yum-key.gpg https://mirrors.aliyun.com/kubernetes/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
EOF

安装kubeadm,kubelet和kubectl

yum install -y kubelet-1.21.0 kubeadm-1.21.0 kubectl-1.21.0
systemctl enable kubelet
#查看版本信息
kubectl version
kubeadm version
kubelet --version

建立虚拟网卡(所以节点)

cat > /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0:1 <<EOF
BOOTPROTO=static
DEVICE=eth0:1
IPADDR=82.156.215.56 #你的公网IP
PREFIX=32
TYPE=Ethernet
USERCTL=no
ONBOOT=yes
EOF
#重启网卡
systemctl restart network
查看全部IP
ip addr

修改kubelet启动参数

vim /usr/lib/systemd/system/kubelet.service.d/10-kubeadm.conf

[Service]
Environment="KUBELET_KUBECONFIG_ARGS=--bootstrap-kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/bootstrap-kubelet.conf --kubeconfig=/etc/kubernetes/kubelet.conf"
Environment="KUBELET_CONFIG_ARGS=--config=/var/lib/kubelet/config.yaml"
# This is a file that "kubeadm init" and "kubeadm join" generates at runtime, populating the KUBELET_KUBEADM_ARGS variable dynamically
EnvironmentFile=-/var/lib/kubelet/kubeadm-flags.env
# This is a file that the user can use for overrides of the kubelet args as a last resort. Preferably, the user should use
# the .NodeRegistration.KubeletExtraArgs object in the configuration files instead. KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS should be sourced from this file.
EnvironmentFile=-/etc/sysconfig/kubelet
ExecStart=
ExecStart=/usr/bin/kubelet $KUBELET_KUBECONFIG_ARGS $KUBELET_CONFIG_ARGS $KUBELET_KUBEADM_ARGS $KUBELET_EXTRA_ARGS --node-ip=82.156.215.56

使用kubeadm初始化主节点(master节点)

执行上文中下载docker镜像的脚本

# step1 添加配置文件,注意替换下面的IP
cat > kubeadm-config.yaml <<EOF
apiVersion: kubeadm.k8s.io/v1beta2
kind: ClusterConfiguration
kubernetesVersion: v1.21.0
apiServer:
  certSANs:    
  - k8s-master    #请替换为hostname
  - 82.156.215.56   #请替换为公网
  - 82.156.215.56  
  - 10.96.0.1   #不要替换,此IP是API的集群地址,部分服务会用到
controlPlaneEndpoint: 82.156.215.56:6443 #替换为公网IP
networking:
  podSubnet: 10.244.0.0/16
  serviceSubnet: 10.96.0.0/12
--- 将默认调度方式改为ipvs
apiVersion: kubeproxy-config.k8s.io/v1alpha1
kind: KubeProxyConfiguration
featureGates:
  SupportIPVSProxyMode: true
mode: ipvs
EOF

#初始化 如果是1核心或者1G内存的请在末尾添加参数(--ignore-preflight-errors=all),否则会初始化失败
kubeadm init --config=kubeadm-config.yaml --ignore-preflight-errors=all

#上面初始化成功后,将会生成kubeconfig文件,用于请求api服务器,请执行下面操作
mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

#node点加入主节点使用
kubeadm join 82.156.215.56:6443 --token kias9b.0sngusi94r8bh6f6 --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:09868a449efed1bb017d3a7b6e7fc3386feac6fcbc076350e5868ff1fc5be3f5

image-20210607195348680,遇到这种问题只需要echo "1" >/proc/sys/net/bridge/bridge-nf-call-iptables
即可解决

修改kube-apiserver参数(主节点)

vim /etc/kubernetes/manifests/kube-apiserver.yaml

apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  annotations:
    kubeadm.kubernetes.io/kube-apiserver.advertise-address.endpoint: 82.156.215.56:6443
  creationTimestamp: null
  labels:
    component: kube-apiserver
    tier: control-plane
  name: kube-apiserver
  namespace: kube-system
spec:
  containers:
  - command:
    - kube-apiserver
    - --feature-gates=RemoveSelfLink=false
    - --advertise-address=82.156.218.219
    - --bind-address=0.0.0.0
    - --allow-privileged=true
    - --authorization-mode=Node,RBAC
    - --client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/ca.crt
    - --enable-admission-plugins=NodeRestriction
    - --enable-bootstrap-token-auth=true
    - --etcd-cafile=/etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/ca.crt
    - --etcd-certfile=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-etcd-client.crt
    - --etcd-keyfile=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-etcd-client.key
    - --etcd-servers=https://127.0.0.1:2379
    - --insecure-port=0
    - --kubelet-client-certificate=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-kubelet-client.crt
    - --kubelet-client-key=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver-kubelet-client.key
    - --kubelet-preferred-address-types=InternalIP,ExternalIP,Hostname
    - --proxy-client-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client.crt
    - --proxy-client-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-client.key
    - --requestheader-allowed-names=front-proxy-client
    - --requestheader-client-ca-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/front-proxy-ca.crt
    - --requestheader-extra-headers-prefix=X-Remote-Extra-
    - --requestheader-group-headers=X-Remote-Group
    - --requestheader-username-headers=X-Remote-User
    - --secure-port=6443
    - --service-account-issuer=https://kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local
    - --service-account-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.pub
    - --service-account-signing-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/sa.key
    - --service-cluster-ip-range=10.96.0.0/12
    - --tls-cert-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.crt
    - --tls-private-key-file=/etc/kubernetes/pki/apiserver.key
    image: k8s.gcr.io/kube-apiserver:v1.21.0
    imagePullPolicy: IfNotPresent
    livenessProbe:
      failureThreshold: 8
      httpGet:
        host: 82.156.215.56
        path: /livez
        port: 6443
        scheme: HTTPS
      initialDelaySeconds: 10
      periodSeconds: 10
      timeoutSeconds: 15
    name: kube-apiserver
    readinessProbe:
      failureThreshold: 3
      httpGet:
        host: 82.156.215.56
        path: /readyz
        port: 6443
        scheme: HTTPS
      periodSeconds: 1
      timeoutSeconds: 15
    resources:
      requests:
        cpu: 250m
    startupProbe:
      failureThreshold: 24
      httpGet:
        host: 82.156.215.56
        path: /livez
        port: 6443
        scheme: HTTPS
      initialDelaySeconds: 10
      periodSeconds: 10
      timeoutSeconds: 15
    volumeMounts:
    - mountPath: /etc/ssl/certs
      name: ca-certs
      readOnly: true
    - mountPath: /etc/pki
      name: etc-pki
      readOnly: true
    - mountPath: /etc/kubernetes/pki
      name: k8s-certs
      readOnly: true
  hostNetwork: true
  priorityClassName: system-node-critical
  volumes:
  - hostPath:
      path: /etc/ssl/certs
      type: DirectoryOrCreate
    name: ca-certs
  - hostPath:
      path: /etc/pki
      type: DirectoryOrCreate
    name: etc-pki
  - hostPath:
      path: /etc/kubernetes/pki
      type: DirectoryOrCreate
    name: k8s-certs
status: {}
执行俩次 kubectl apply -f /etc/kubernetes/manifests/kube-apiserver.yaml

加入node节点

kubeadm join 82.156.215.56:6443 --token kias9b.0sngusi94r8bh6f6 --discovery-token-ca-cert-hash sha256:09868a449efed1bb017d3a7b6e7fc3386feac6fcbc076350e5868ff1fc5be3f5

#master节点执行,看是否添加成功  ip地址等信息
kubectl get nodes -o wide

#默认token有效期为24小时,当过期之后,该token就不可用了。这时就需要重新创建token
kubeadm token create --print-join-command

修改flannel文件并安装(master节点)

#下载文件
wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/coreos/flannel/master/Documentation/kube-flannel.yml

# 共修改两个地方,一个是args下,添加
 args:
 - --public-ip=$(PUBLIC_IP) # 添加此参数,申明公网IP
 - --iface=eth0             # 添加此参数,绑定网卡
 
 
 # 然后是env下
 env:
 - name: PUBLIC_IP     #添加环境变量
   valueFrom:          
     fieldRef:          
       fieldPath: status.podIP 
       
       
---
apiVersion: policy/v1beta1
kind: PodSecurityPolicy
metadata:
  name: psp.flannel.unprivileged
  annotations:
    seccomp.security.alpha.kubernetes.io/allowedProfileNames: docker/default
    seccomp.security.alpha.kubernetes.io/defaultProfileName: docker/default
    apparmor.security.beta.kubernetes.io/allowedProfileNames: runtime/default
    apparmor.security.beta.kubernetes.io/defaultProfileName: runtime/default
spec:
  privileged: false
  volumes:
  - configMap
  - secret
  - emptyDir
  - hostPath
  allowedHostPaths:
  - pathPrefix: "/etc/cni/net.d"
  - pathPrefix: "/etc/kube-flannel"
  - pathPrefix: "/run/flannel"
  readOnlyRootFilesystem: false
  # Users and groups
  runAsUser:
    rule: RunAsAny
  supplementalGroups:
    rule: RunAsAny
  fsGroup:
    rule: RunAsAny
  # Privilege Escalation
  allowPrivilegeEscalation: false
  defaultAllowPrivilegeEscalation: false
  # Capabilities
  allowedCapabilities: ['NET_ADMIN', 'NET_RAW']
  defaultAddCapabilities: []
  requiredDropCapabilities: []
  # Host namespaces
  hostPID: false
  hostIPC: false
  hostNetwork: true
  hostPorts:
  - min: 0
    max: 65535
  # SELinux
  seLinux:
    # SELinux is unused in CaaSP
    rule: 'RunAsAny'
---
kind: ClusterRole
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: flannel
rules:
- apiGroups: ['extensions']
  resources: ['podsecuritypolicies']
  verbs: ['use']
  resourceNames: ['psp.flannel.unprivileged']
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - pods
  verbs:
  - get
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - nodes
  verbs:
  - list
  - watch
- apiGroups:
  - ""
  resources:
  - nodes/status
  verbs:
  - patch
---
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1
metadata:
  name: flannel
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: flannel
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: flannel
  namespace: kube-system
---
apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
metadata:
  name: flannel
  namespace: kube-system
---
kind: ConfigMap
apiVersion: v1
metadata:
  name: kube-flannel-cfg
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    tier: node
    app: flannel
data:
  cni-conf.json: |
    {
      "name": "cbr0",
      "cniVersion": "0.3.1",
      "plugins": [
        {
          "type": "flannel",
          "delegate": {
            "hairpinMode": true,
            "isDefaultGateway": true
          }
        },
        {
          "type": "portmap",
          "capabilities": {
            "portMappings": true
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  net-conf.json: |
    {
      "Network": "10.244.0.0/16",
      "Backend": {
        "Type": "vxlan"
      }
    }
---
apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: DaemonSet
metadata:
  name: kube-flannel-ds
  namespace: kube-system
  labels:
    tier: node
    app: flannel
spec:
  selector:
    matchLabels:
      app: flannel
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        tier: node
        app: flannel
    spec:
      affinity:
        nodeAffinity:
          requiredDuringSchedulingIgnoredDuringExecution:
            nodeSelectorTerms:
            - matchExpressions:
              - key: kubernetes.io/os
                operator: In
                values:
                - linux
      hostNetwork: true
      priorityClassName: system-node-critical
      tolerations:
      - operator: Exists
        effect: NoSchedule
      serviceAccountName: flannel
      initContainers:
      - name: install-cni
        image: quay.io/coreos/flannel:v0.14.0
        command:
        - cp
        args:
        - -f
        - /etc/kube-flannel/cni-conf.json
        - /etc/cni/net.d/10-flannel.conflist
        volumeMounts:
        - name: cni
          mountPath: /etc/cni/net.d
        - name: flannel-cfg
          mountPath: /etc/kube-flannel/
      containers:
      - name: kube-flannel
        image: quay.io/coreos/flannel:v0.14.0
        command:
        - /opt/bin/flanneld
        args:
        - --ip-masq
        - --public-ip=$(PUBLIC_IP) 
        - --iface=eth0             
        - --kube-subnet-mgr
        args:
        - --ip-masq
        - --kube-subnet-mgr
        resources:
          requests:
            cpu: "100m"
            memory: "50Mi"
          limits:
            cpu: "100m"
            memory: "50Mi"
        securityContext:
          privileged: false
          capabilities:
            add: ["NET_ADMIN", "NET_RAW"]
        env:
        - name: PUBLIC_IP     
          valueFrom:          
            fieldRef:          
              fieldPath: status.podIP
        - name: POD_NAME
          valueFrom:
            fieldRef:
              fieldPath: metadata.name
        - name: POD_NAMESPACE
          valueFrom:
            fieldRef:
              fieldPath: metadata.namespace
        volumeMounts:
        - name: run
          mountPath: /run/flannel
        - name: flannel-cfg
          mountPath: /etc/kube-flannel/
      volumes:
      - name: run
        hostPath:
          path: /run/flannel
      - name: cni
        hostPath:
          path: /etc/cni/net.d
      - name: flannel-cfg
        configMap:
          name: kube-flannel-cfg

#创建flannel
kubectl apply -f kube-flannel.yaml

#检查pod是否都已经在running状态
kubectl get pods -o wide --all-namespaces

手动开启配置,开启ipvs转发模式(master节点)

kubectl edit configmaps -n kube-system kube-proxy

# Please edit the object below. Lines beginning with a '#' will be ignored,
# and an empty file will abort the edit. If an error occurs while saving this file will be
# reopened with the relevant failures.
#
apiVersion: v1
data:
  config.conf: |-
    apiVersion: kubeproxy.config.k8s.io/v1alpha1
    bindAddress: 0.0.0.0
    bindAddressHardFail: false
    clientConnection:
      acceptContentTypes: ""
      burst: 0
      contentType: ""
      kubeconfig: /var/lib/kube-proxy/kubeconfig.conf
      qps: 0
    clusterCIDR: 10.244.0.0/16
    configSyncPeriod: 0s
    conntrack:
      maxPerCore: null
      min: null
      tcpCloseWaitTimeout: null
      tcpEstablishedTimeout: null
    detectLocalMode: ""
    enableProfiling: false
    healthzBindAddress: ""
    hostnameOverride: ""
    iptables:
      masqueradeAll: false
      masqueradeBit: null
      minSyncPeriod: 0s
      syncPeriod: 0s
    ipvs:
      excludeCIDRs: null
      minSyncPeriod: 0s
      scheduler: ""
      strictARP: false
      syncPeriod: 0s
      tcpFinTimeout: 0s
      tcpTimeout: 0s
      udpTimeout: 0s
    kind: KubeProxyConfiguration
    metricsBindAddress: ""
    mode: "ipvs"
    nodePortAddresses: null
    oomScoreAdj: null
    portRange: ""
    showHiddenMetricsForVersion: ""
    udpIdleTimeout: 0s
    winkernel:
      enableDSR: false
      networkName: ""
      sourceVip: ""
  kubeconfig.conf: |-
    apiVersion: v1
....

搞了2个星期终于搞好了,如果舍得花钱弄slb或者本地内网环境通的情况是非常简单的,怎奈一个穷啊...

Q.E.D.


一个热爱生活的95后精神小伙